Tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon, which causes pain in the vicinity of the connection point between the tendon and the bone. The areas most affected by this type of problem are the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels.
Common tendinitis can be caused by a sudden stress injury, or the repetition of a particular movement over time that causes micro-lesions in tissue. In addition, with age, the tendons become weaker and more susceptible to this type of inflammation, due to a decrease in their vascularisation. In some cases, the origin of tendinitis may also be due to systemic diseases or infections.
A special type of tendinitis is calcific tendinitis, characterised by the presence of calcium deposits, probably due to calcification of fragments of necrotic tendon fibres. It generally affects the shoulder and mostly affects females with an average age of between 40 and 50.
Epicondylitis, on the other hand, is a tendinopathy due to inflammation of the tendons attached to the lateral epicondyle, a bone structure in the elbow. It is commonly known as “tennis elbow” precisely for this reason, because it is a disease that affects patients who often use their arm in work or sports.
Most cases of tendinitis can be treated successfully with rest, drug therapy and physical therapy, including treatment with Therapeutic Magnetic Resonance (TMR®).
TMR® therapy in fact can act to decrease inflammation in the area and reduce the resulting painful component.
Without proper treatment, tendinitis increases the risk of tendon rupture, a condition that may require surgery.